November 9 in many countries of the world famous International Day Against Fascism and Antisemitism (International Day Against Fascism and Antisemitism). The date of remembrance is celebrated on the initiative of the European Network Against Nationalism, Racism, Fascism and Supporting Migrants and Refugees (UNITED), which brings together over 560 organizations from 46 European countries and operates independently of political parties and governments.
On that day in 1938 started mass pogroms of Jews (“Kristallnacht”) in Germany.
“Kristallnacht” or “Night of Broken Windows” – Jewish cycle pogromsorganized by the Nazis on the night of November 9-10, 1938 in Germany and Austria. It became the first mass act of physical violence against the Jews of the Third Reich. On November 9, 1938, the Nazis murdered over 90 people (according to other sources, up to 2,000), according to various estimates, from 3.5 to 30 thousand were captured and sent to concentration camps. Jews. About 300 synagogues (according to other sources, about 1.5 thousand) were completely burned down and thousands of shop windows kept by Jews were destroyed – hence the historical name of the pogrom.